Le fascisme islamique

Titre : Le fascisme islamique
Auteur : Hamed Abdel-Samad
Éditeur : Grasset
ISBN-13 : 9782246812425
Libération : 2017-03-01

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L’intellectuel allemand d’origine égyptienne Hamed Abdel-Samad introduit sa réflexion sur les sources de l’islam politique par un rappel du contexte historique : l’islamisme des Frères Musulmans s’est développé en Egypte au même moment que le fascisme en Italie et le national-socialisme en Allemagne. Il ne s’agit pas d’une simple coïncidence chronologique. Selon l’analyse implacable de l’auteur, les principes fondateurs de l’islam politique et les étapes de son établissement dans la péninsule arabique prouvent que l’idéologie fascisante y est présente dès le premier jour. Le « fascislamisme » n’est pas une figure de style, mais une réalité historique. L’islamisme radical n’est pas la trahison ou la perversion récente d’une religion immaculée, mais la tare originelle de sa traduction dans le champ politique. La foi musulmane individuelle est innocente, mais le pouvoir islamique est coupable. Une contribution majeure – et provocante – au débat qui divise actuellement l’Occident.

Islamic Fascism

Titre : Islamic Fascism
Auteur : Hamed Abdel-Samad
Éditeur : Prometheus Books
ISBN-13 : 9781633881259
Libération : 2016-01-05

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This polemic against Islamic extremism highlights the striking parallels between contemporary Islamism and the 20th-century fascism embodied by Hitler and Mussolini. Like those infamous ideologies, Islamism today touts imperialist dreams of world domination, belief in its inherent superiority, contempt for the rest of humanity, and often a murderous agenda. The author, born and raised in Egypt and now living in Germany, not only explains the historical connections between early 20th-century fascist movements in Europe and extremist factions in Islam, but he also traces the fascist tendencies in mainstream Islam that have existed throughout its history. Examining key individuals and episodes from centuries past, the book shows the influence of Islam's earliest exploits on current politics in the Islamic world. The author's incisive analysis exposes the fascist underpinnings of the Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, Hezbollah, the Shia regime in Iran, ISIS, Salafi and Jihadist ideologies, and more. Forcefully argued and well-researched, this book grew out of a lecture on Islamic fascism that the author gave in Cairo, resulting in a call for his death by three prominent Egyptian clerics. From the Hardcover edition.

Agir en r seau

Titre : Agir en r seau
Auteur : David Dumoulin Kervran
Éditeur : PU Rennes
ISBN-13 : 2753520534
Libération : 2012

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Quelle est l'utilité de la notion de " réseau " pour tout ceux qui réfléchissent à l'action politique contemporaine, pour les chercheurs qui étudient des groupes qui se mobilisent avec un objectif commun ? Le livre déploie un panorama de réponses, à travers les analyses de sociologues, de politologues, d'historiens et d'anthropologues qui, chacun à travers une étude de cas, tente de clarifier en quoi cette notion lui est utile pour mieux décrire, mieux expliquer, mettre en valeur la forme d'une organisation collective. Les propositions générales que contient ce livre se basent sur la comparaison de mobilisations qui se développent dans des domaines très variés : altermondialistes, promoteurs du budget participatif, libertaires, environnementalistes, clientèles ethniques, factions politiques pré-démocratiques, nébuleuse anarchiste, théologie de la libération, mouvance de la gauche non communiste, universitaires, (ex-)guérilleros ou migrants. La plupart des exemples sont issus de l'Amérique latine mais ils sont tous traités de manière à contribuer à une réflexion collective qui dépasse tout ancrage continental. La comparaison permet en effet de dégager certains principes sur la forme de ces mobilisations, par-delà une diversité d'objectifs et de contextes qu'il serait absurde de confondre.

Globalisation Democratisation and Radicalisation in the Arab World

Titre : Globalisation Democratisation and Radicalisation in the Arab World
Auteur : J. Harrigan
Éditeur : Springer
ISBN-13 : 9780230307001
Libération : 2010-12-14

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This book provides a fascinating analysis of the external and internal linkages that have for decades impeded economic and political reforms in the Arab world, and presents a new and coherent framework that enables policy makers and practitioners to better understand, identify and deal with the root causes of terrorism.

The Coming Anarchy

Titre : The Coming Anarchy
Auteur : Robert D. Kaplan
Éditeur : Vintage
ISBN-13 : 9781400033034
Libération : 2002-08-13

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Robert Kaplan, bestselling author of Balkan Ghosts, offers up scrupulous, far-ranging insights on the world to come in a spirited, rousing, and provocative book that has earned a place at the top of the reading lists of the world's policy makers. The end of the Cold War has not ushered in the global peace and prosperity that many had anticipated. Volatile new democracies in Eastern Europe, fierce tribalism in Africa, civil war and ethnic violence in the Near East, and widespread famine and disease—not to mention the brutal rift developing as wealthy nations reap the benefits of seemingly boundless technology while other parts of the world slide into chaos—are among the issues Kaplan identifies as the most important for charting the future of geopolitics. Historical antecedents in Gibbon's Decline and Fall and in the legacies of statesmen such as Henry Kissinger contribute to this bracingly prophetic framework for addressing the new global reality. Bold, erudite, and profoundly important, The Coming Anarchy is a compelling must-read by one of today's most penetrating writers and provocative minds.

Alamut

Titre : Alamut
Auteur : Vladimir Bartol
Éditeur : North Atlantic Books
ISBN-13 : 9781556436819
Libération : 2007

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Alamut takes place in 11th Century Persia, in the fortress of Alamut, where self-proclaimed prophet Hasan ibn Sabbah is setting up his mad but brilliant plan to rule the region with a handful elite fighters who are to become his "living daggers." By creating a virtual paradise at Alamut, filled with beautiful women, lush gardens, wine and hashish, Sabbah is able to convince his young fighters that they can reach paradise if they follow his commands. With parallels to Osama bin Laden, Alamut tells the story of how Sabbah was able to instill fear into the ruling class by creating a small army of devotees who were willing to kill, and be killed, in order to achieve paradise. Believing in the supreme Ismaili motto “Nothing is true, everything is permitted,” Sabbah wanted to “experiment” with how far he could manipulate religious devotion for his own political gain through appealing to what he called the stupidity and gullibility of people and their passion for pleasure and selfish desires. The novel focuses on Sabbah as he unveils his plan to his inner circle, and on two of his young followers — the beautiful slave girl Halima, who has come to Alamut to join Sabbah's paradise on earth, and young ibn Tahir, Sabbah's most gifted fighter. As both Halima and ibn Tahir become disillusioned with Sabbah's vision, their lives take unexpected turns. Alamut was originally written in 1938 as an allegory to Mussolini's fascist state. In the 1960's it became a cult favorite throughout Tito's Yugoslavia, and in the 1990s, during the Balkan's War, it was read as an allegory of the region's strife and became a bestseller in Germany, France and Spain. Following the attacks of September 11, 2001, the book once again took on a new life, selling more than 20,000 copies in a new Slovenian edition, and being translated around the world in more than 19 languages. This edition, translated by Michael Biggins, in the first-ever English translation.

2084

Titre : 2084
Auteur : Sansal Boualem
Éditeur : Penguin
ISBN-13 : 9781609453695
Libération : 2017-01-31

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A tribute to George Orwell's 1984 and a cry of protest against totalitarianism of all kinds, Sansal's 2084 tells the story of a near future in which religious extremists have established an oppressive caliphate where autonomus thought is forbidden. It is the year 2084. In the kingdom of Abistan—named after the prophet Abi, earthly messenger of the god Yolah—citizens submit to a single god, demonstrating their devotion by kneeling in prayer nine times a day. Autonomous thought has been banned, remembering is forbidden, and an omnipresent surveillance system instantly informs the authorities of every deviant act, thought, or idea. The kingdom is blessed and its citizens are happy, filled with a sense of purpose and piety. Those who are not—the heretics—are put to death by stoning or beheading in city squares. But Ati has met people who think differently; in ghettos and caves, hidden from the authorities, exist the last living heretics and free-thinkers of Abistan. Under their influence, Ati begins to doubt. He begins to think. Now, he will have to defend his thoughts with his life. "[In 2084] Sansal dared to go much further than I did," said Michel Houellebecq, the controversial novelist most recently of Submission. 2084 is a cry of freedom, a call to rebellion, a gripping satirical novel of ideas, and an indictment of the religious fundamentalism that, with its hypocrisy and closed-mindedness, threatens our modern democracies and the ideals on which they are founded. WINNER OF THE FRENCH ACADEMY GRAND PRIX

On Bataille

Titre : On Bataille
Auteur : Leslie Anne Boldt-Irons
Éditeur : SUNY Press
ISBN-13 : 0791424553
Libération : 1995

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Essays on the French writer and critic Georges Bataille, that examine his thought in relation to Hegel, Nietzsche, and Derrida.

The coming insurrection

Titre : The coming insurrection
Auteur : Comité invisible
Éditeur : Semiotext
ISBN-13 : IND:30000124564430
Libération : 2009-08-31

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A call to arms by a group of French intellectuals that rejects leftist reform and aligns itself with younger, wilder forms of resistance.

Neojihadism

Titre : Neojihadism
Auteur : Peter Lentini
Éditeur : Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN-13 : 9781781953624
Libération : 2013-01-01

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Many years after 9/11 we are still struggling to categorize groups like Al Qaeda, home-grown cells and others that claim to be perpetrating and justifying terrorist acts under the banner of jihad. This book introduces the concept of 'neojihadism' as a new form of political organization, grand narrative, global subculture, counterculture and theological understanding, with an approach to political violence that is unique to the post-Cold War period. What these groups espouse and enact differs radically from fascism, totalitarianism, cults, jihad and even jihadism. Neojihadism takes an interdisciplinary approach that fuses comparative politics, subcultural studies, Islamic studies, and terrorism studies. It cites examples from global, regional and nationally based terrorist groups to illustrate the diversity within the movement. Additionally, it draws from unique primary materials including recorded conversations of terrorists preparing for attacks, captured by electronic bugging devices and telephone wiretaps to help to test the extent to which the term 'neojihadism' is a significant political and theological departure from previous Islamist group experiences. This fascinating book will be an invaluable resource for academics, and undergraduate and postgraduate students of terrorism studies, political science, international relations, comparative religion, and Islamic studies.